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The material in Direct Testimony is excerpted from the DVD-ROM, From the New World, A Celebrated Composer's American Odyssey, created by Robert Winter and Peter Bogdanoff and published by ArtsInteractive.


Direct Testimony, a major section of the DVD-ROM, From the New World, A Celebrated Composer's American Odyssey, includes nearly 200 historical documents from the 1880s until now. This includes letters, newspaper articles, telegrams, contracts, and book excerpts related to Antonín Dvorák and his visit to America in the 1890s. We've included a few items that you may read in their entirety here, including the introduction by Robert Winter and items from each time period covered in Direct Testimony.

Introduction

Items from 1855 to 1890

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Song of Hiawatha (1855).
Eduard Hanslick, "Anton Dvorak," Dwight's Journal of Music, Vol. XL (1880), p. 2. Translated from the Neue Freie Presse.
The National Conservatory of Music of America. Certificate of Incorporation (September 19, 1885).
Invitation to the Opening of the National Conservatory (December 19, 1885).
"From Butcher to Baton," Pall Mall Gazette (October 13, 1886).
"The Opera in America," The Boston Daily Globe (January 11, 1887).
Student Agreement with The National Conservatory of Music (October 29, 1887).
National Conservatory Pamphlet (1889-90).
"The National Conservatory of Music of America," Harper's Weekly (December 13, 1890).

Items from 1891

Mrs. Thurber Telegram (in Paris) to Dvorak in Prague (June 1891).
Dvorak Letter to Alois Gobl (June 20, 1891).
Dvorak Letter to Henry Littleton (June 22, 1891).
Littleton Letter to Mrs. Thurber (June 25, 1891).
Dvorak Letter to Alfred Littleton (July 6, 1891).
Mrs. Thurber Letter (in Paris) to Alfred Littleton (July 10, 1891).
Alfred Littleton Letter to Dvorak (July 13, 1891).
Dvorak Letter to Alfred Littleton (July 20, 1891).
Dvorak Letter to Alois Gobl (August 1, 1891).
Dvorak Letter to Alfred Littleton (August 14, 1891).
Dvorak's Contract with the National Conservatory--Additions and Alterations (August, 1891).
Mrs. Thurber Letter (in Paris) to Dvorak (September 3, 1891).
Mrs. Thurber Letter (in Paris) to Dvorak (September 17, 1891).
Dvorak Letter to August Bohdanecky (October 24, 1891).
Mrs. Thurber Letter (in New York) to Dvorak (November 20, 1891).
Dvorak Letter (in Prague) to Mrs. Thurber in New York (December 7, 1891 [sent 12 December?]).
Littleton Letter to Dvorak (December 21, 1891).
Mrs. Thurber Letter to Dvorak (December 29, 1891).

Items from 1892

Dvorak's First Contract for 1892-94 with the National Conservatory (before May 1892).
Dvorak Letter to Mrs. Thurber (April 30, 1892).
Dvorak Letter to Mrs. Thurber (June 25, 1892).
Mrs. Thurber Letter to Dvorak (July 10, 1892).
Dvorak Letter to Mrs. Thurber (July 28, 1892).
H. E. Krehbiel, "Antonin Dvorak," The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine, Vol. XLIV (May-October 1892), pp. 657-60.
National Conservatory Catalog (1892-93).
"The Coming of Dvorak," New-York Daily Tribune (September 4, 1892).
"Antonin Dvorzhk," The New York Times (September 4, 1892).
"Arrivals on the Saale," New-York Daily Tribune (September 28, 1892).
Dvorak Card to Mrs. Thurber (October 1, 1892).
[Henry E. Krehbiel?], "World's Fair Music," New-York Daily Tribune (October 2, 1892).
"The Great Anniversary," New-York Daily Tribune (October 9, 1892).
"The Bright Night Pageant," New-York Daily Tribune (October 9, 1892).
"The Columbian Services," New-York Daily Tribune (October 10, 1892).
[Henry E. Krehbiel?], "Columbian Music," New-York Daily Tribune (October 10, 1892).
"Children Honor Columbus," New-York Daily Tribune (October 11, 1892).
"Fireworks on the Bridge," New-York Daily Tribune (October 11, 1892).
"A Grand Sea Spectacle," New-York Daily Tribune (October 12, 1892).
"Pillars of Fire by Night," New-York Daily Tribune (October 12, 1892).
Dvorak letter to Dr. Emil Koznek (October 12, 1892).
"To Stand Forever," New-York Daily Tribune (October 13, 1892).
"Stopped Just in Time," New-York Daily Tribune (October 13, 1892).
"Closing With a Dinner," New-York Daily Tribune (October 14, 1892).
The Musical Standard (October 22, 1892).
[Henry E. Krehbiel?], "Dr. Dvorak's Reception," New-York Daily Tribune (October 22, 1892).
[Albert Steinberg?], "Antonin Dvorak Leads at the Music Hall," New York Herald (October 22, 1892).
[Henry E. Krehbiel?], "Some Observations After the Fact," New-York Daily Tribune (October 24, 1892).
Dvorak Letter to Mr. and Mrs. Hlvka in Prague (November 27, 1892).
"Women Can't Help," Boston Post (November 30, 1892).
"American Music. Dvorak Thinks Little Has Been Done Here," Boston Daily Traveler (December 10, 1892).

Items from January-June 1893

Dvorak Letter to Dr. Emil Koznek in Prague (April 12, 1893).
Dvorak Letter to Mrs. Thurber (Spring 1893?).

[James Creelman], "Real Value of Negro Melodies," New York Herald (May 21, 1893).
"American Music of the Future," New York Herald. European Edition--Paris (May 22, 1893).
"American Music," New York Herald. European Edition--Paris (May 26, 1893).
"Herr Rubinstein Is Sceptical," New York Herald. European Edition--Paris (May 27, 1893).
"America's Musical Future," New York Herald. European Edition--Paris (May 28, 1893).
"American Music. Dr. Antonin Dvorak Expresses Some Radical Opinions," Boston Herald (May 28, 1893).
"Antonin Dvorak on Negro Melodies," New York Herald (May 28, 1893).
"Dvorak's American School of Music," New York Herald (May 8, 1893).
[James Creelman?], "Dvorak's Theory of Negro Music," New York Herald (May 28, 1893).
[James Creelman?], "Criticisms on Dvorak's Theory," New York Herald (June 4, 1893).

Items from July-December 1893

King's Handbook of New York City 1893 (Boston; July 1, 1893).
Dvorak Letter to Nicholas Simrock in Berlin (ca. July 2, 1893).
Dvorak Letter to Mrs. Thurber (July 29, 1893).
Henry E. Krehbiel, "Folk Music in Chicago, I. Songs of the Omahas," New-York Daily Tribune (July 30, 1893).
Henry E. Krehbiel, "Folk Music in Chicago, II. Cannibal Songs of the Indians," New-York Daily Tribune (August 6,1893).
Henry E. Krehbiel, "Folk Music in Chicago, III. A Cannibal Song of the Iroquois," New-York Daily Tribune (August 13, 1893).
"For National Music," Chicago Tribune (August 13, 1893).
Dvorak Letter to Anton Rus in Psek, Bohemia (August 17, 1893).
Dvorak Letter to Mrs. Thurber (September 1, 1893).
Dvorak Letter to Dr. Koznek in Kromerz (September 15, 1893).
Mr. Francis Thurber Letter to William G. Choate [National Conservatory Vice-President] (November 15, 1893).
Dvorak Letter to Dr. Josef Tragy in Prague (November 16, 1893).
Henry E. Krehbiel Letter to Dvorak (December 12, 1893).
[Henry E. Krehbiel], "Dr. Dvorak's American Symphony," New-York Daily Tribune (December 15, 1893).
[Albert Steinberg?], "Dvorak On His New Work," New York Herald (December 15, 1893).
Philharmonic Society of New York. Arthur Mees, Synopsis of Compositions To Be Performed at The Second Public Rehearsal and Concert On December 15th and 16th, 1893.
Henry E. Krehbiel Letter to Dvorak (December 16, 1893). [Albert Steinberg?],
"Dr. Dvorak's Great Symphony," NewYork Herald (December 16, 1893).
[William James Henderson?], "The Philharmonic Society," The New York Times (December 16, 1893).
[Henry E. Krehbiel], "Dr. Dvorak's Symphony," New-York Daily Tribune (December 17, 1893).
[James Creelman], "Dvorak's Symphony a Historic Event, "New York Herald (December 17, 1893).
[Albert Steinberg?], "Dvorak Hears His Symphony," New York Herald (December 17, 1893).
[William James Henderson], "Dr. Dvorak's Latest Work," The New York Times (December 17, 1893).
[Antonin Dvorak], "Prompt Aid Forthcoming," New York Herald (December 18, 1893).
[James Huneker], "The Second Philharmonic Concert. Dvorak's New Symphony," The Musical Courier (December 20, 1893).
Dvorak Letter to Fritz Simrock in Berlin (December 20, 1893).
[Henry E. Krehbiel], "Dvorak's American Compositions in Boston," New-York Daily Tribune (January 1, 1894).
Philip Hale, "The Kneisel Quartette Play Dvorak's New Quartette," The Boston Journal (January 2, 1894).
[Henry E. Krehbiel], "Dvorak's American Compositions," New-York Daily Tribune (January 7, 1894).
[Henry E. Krehbiel], "Dr. Dvorak's American Music," New-York Daily Tribune (January 13, 1894).
[Albert Steinberg?], "How Dr. Dvorak Gives a Lesson," New York Herald (January 14, 1894).
[William James Henderson?], "Dvorak's New Music," New York Times (January 14, 1894).
[James Creelman?], "Hear the 'Old Folks at Home,'" New York Herald (January 23, 1894).
[James Creelman?], "Dvorak Leads for the Fund," New York Herald (January 24, 1894).
Dvorak Letter to Alois Gobl at Sychrov (February 27, 1894).
Mrs. Thurber Letter to Dvorak (before May 1894?).
Mrs. Thurber Letter to Dvorak (March 17, 1894).
Dvorak Letter to Dr. Josef Tragy (April 2, 1894).
Dvorak Letter to Mrs. Thurber (April 5, 1894).
Mrs. Thurber Letter to Dvorak (April 20, 1894).
Mrs. Thurber Letter to Dvorak (April 21, 1894).
Mrs. Thurber Letter to Dvorak (April 26, 1894).
Mrs. Thurber Letter to Dvorak (April 28, 1894).
Dvorak's Second Contract with the National Conservatory (April 28, 1894).
Dvorak Letter to Francesco Berger (June 12, 1894).
James Creelman, "Dvorak's Negro Symphony," Pall Mall Budget (June 21, 1894).
"Philharmonic Concert," The Times [London] (June 23, 1894).
"Philharmonic Concerts," The Musical Times (July 1, 1894).
Antonin Dvorak [with Henry T. Finck], "Franz Schubert," The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine (July 1894).
James Creelman, "Does it Pay to Study Music?", Illustrated American (August 4, 1894).
Dvorak Letter to Mrs. Thurber (late August 1894).
From the Catalogue of the National Conservatory (1894-95).
Mrs. Thurber-Dvorak Cables (September-October, 1894).
From a Dvorak Letter to his children (October 1894).
Dvorak Letter to Adolf Heyduk (October 29, 1894).
Dvorak Letter to Anton Rus in Pesk (December 18, 1894).
["The National Conservatory"], The New York Times (December 23, 1894).

Items from 1895 to 1897

Antonin Dvorak, "Music in America," Harper's New Monthly Magazine (February 1895).
"London Symphony Concerts," The Musical Times (April 1, 1895).
Dvorak Letter to Josef Kovark (April 15, 1895).
[Henry E. Krehbiel?], "Dr. Dvorak's New Cantata, New-York Daily Tribune (May 6, 1895).
Dvorak Letter to Josef Kovark (May 18, 1895).
Anton Seidl, "On Conducting," from Anton Seidl, ed., The Music of the Modern World (New York, 1895).
Mrs. Thurber Letter to Dvorak (July 18, 1895).
Dvorak Letter to Mrs. Thurber (August 17, 1895).
Mrs. Thurber Letter to Dvorak (September 4, 1896).
Dvorak Letter to Mrs. Thurber (September 4, 1896).
Dvorak Letter to Anton Seidl (November 12, 1896).
Mrs. Thurber Letter to Dvorak (January 4, 1897).
Dvorak Letter to Adele Margulies in Vienna (June 29, 1897).
Dvorak Letter to Adele Margulies in Vienna (July 10, 1897).
Dvorak Letter to Adele Margulies in Vienna (July 18, 1897).
Dvorak Letter to Adele Margulies in Vienna (July 30, 1897).
Dvorak Letter to Adele Margulies in Vienna (Aug. 20, 1897).
Dvorak Telegram to Mrs. Thurber (August 25, 1897).
Henry E. Krehbiel, "Music at Worcester," New-York Daily Tribune (September 23, 1897).
"National Conservatory Concert," New York Evening Post (February 22, 1899).
Henry E. Krehbiel, "Some Words on Negro Music," New-York Tribune (April 24, 1899).
Henry E. Krehbiel, "Folk-Music Studies. I. Songs of the American Indians," New-York Tribune Illustrated Supplement (September 24, 1899).
Henry E. Krehbiel, "Folk-Music Studies. Songs of the American Indians. II," New-York Tribune Illustrated Supplement (October 1, 1899).
Henry E. Krehbiel, "Folk-Music Studies. Songs of the American Indians. III," New-York Tribune Illustrated Supplement (October 8, 1899).
"Some Personal Tributes. By Albert Steinberg (excerpts)," in Anton Seidl. A Memorial by His Friends (New York, 1899), pp. 104-11.
"Some Personal Tributes. By James Huneker (excerpts)," in Anton Seidl. A Memorial by His Friends (New York, 1899), pp. 114-17.
"Some Personal Tributes. By Victor Herbert (excerpts)," in Anton Seidl. A Memorial by His Friends (New York, 1899), pp. 125-27.
"Appreciations by Music Critics. By H. E. Krehbiel," in Anton Seidl. A Memorial by His Friends (New York, 1899), pp. 131-39.
"Appreciations by Music Critics. By Henry T. Finck, in Anton Seidl. A Memorial by His Friends (New York, 1899), pp. 160-68.
Anton Seidl, "The Development of Music in America," in Anton Seidl. A Memorial by His Friends (New York, 1899), pp. 206-09.
Dvorak Letter to Oskar Nebdal (February 1900).

Items from 1904 to 1919

"Antonin Dvorak," The Etude, Vol. 22 (1904), p. 253.
Philip Hale, "The Symphony of a Homesick Genius," The Boston Herald (June 30, 1907).
"F. B. Thurber Dead," New-York Daily Tribune (June 7, 1907).
J. Rosamond Johnson, "Why They Call American Music Ragtime," The New York Age (Thursday, December 24, 1908).
Sissieretta Jones (Black Patti), "Negro Folk Song," The New York Age (Thursday, December 24, 1908).
"Mme. Sissieretta Jones," The New York Age (Thursday, December 24, 1908).
"Negro Music," The Crisis, Vol. 1 (February 1911), p. 12.
"Henry T. Burleigh's Contribution to the Discussion of the True Meaning of the 'New World' Symphony," The Philadelphia Orchestra Program (February 24-25, 1911).
H. P. Hopkins, "Student Days with Dvorak," The Etude, Vol. 30 (1912), pp. 327-28.
Harry Rowe Shelley, "Dvorak as I Knew Him," The Etude, Vol. 31 (1913), pp. 541-42.
Henry E. Krehbiel, from Afro-American Folksong (New York, 1913), pp. 153-55.
H. L. Mencken, "An American Symphony," The Baltimore Evening Sun (October 19, 1916).
Prof. Katerina Emingerov, "Antonin Dvorak in America," Cesta, Vol. I (1919), pp. 104-06, 134-35 [translated with Jir Mesicki].
Ludmila Vojackova-Wetche, "Anton Dvorak in the Class Room," The Etude, Vol. 37 (March 1919), pp. 135-36.
Jeannette M. Thurber, "Dvorak as I Knew Him," The Etude, Vol. 37 (November 1919), pp. 693-94, 700.
Harry Rowe Shelley, "Dvorak as I Knew Him," The Etude, Vol. 37 (November 1919), p. 694.
Camille W. Zeckwer, "Dvorak as I Knew Him," The Etude, Vol. 37 (November 1919), pp. 694-700.

Items from 1922 to 1993

Victor Herbert, Sketch of Antonin Dvorak (Library of Congress, 1922).
James Gibbons Huneker, from Steeplejack (New York, 1925), Vol. II, Chapter III (p. 26), VII (p. 65), and VIII (p. 70).
Henry T. Finck, My Adventures in the Golden Age of Music (New York, 1926), pp. 201, 274-81.
From the Reminiscences of Josef Jan Kovark (1927-30).
"The Letter Box," The New York Times (November 25, 1928).
H. P. Hopkins, "How Dvorak Taught Composition," The Etude, Vol. 30 (1931), pp. 97-98.
Hazel Gertrude Kinscella, "Dvorak and Spillville, Forty Years After," Musical America, Vol. 53 (1933), pp. 4, 49.
Harry T. Burleigh, American Composer, "The Negro and His Song," in Hazel Gertrude Kinscella, Ed., Music on the Air (New York, 1934), pp. 186-90.
Olin Downes, "A Dvorak Reminiscence," The New York Times (August 12, 1934).
"'Sweet Chariot' Inspired Anton Dvorak To Immortalize Negro Spirituals," New York World-Telegram (September 12, 1941).
Will Marion Cook, "Clorindy, the Origin of the Cakewalk" (1944). Printed in Theatre Arts (September, 1947), pp. 61-65.
Francis Neilson, My Life in Two Worlds (Appleton, Wisc., 1952)
Otakar Dvorak, "Antonin Dvorak, My Father" (Spillville, Iowa, manuscript written 1961)
Footnote 113 to Howard Shanet, Philharmonic. A History of New York's Orchestra (New York, 1975), p. 440.
Maurice Peress, "Dvorak and the International Herald: A Postscript" (July, 1993).
Michael Beckerman, "Real Value of Yellow Journalism: James Creelman and Antonin Dvorak" (December, 1993).